LINK: USA UNILATERALISM CREATES THE ANTI-USA AXIS
USA UNILATERALISM FORGES RUSSIA-CHINA-INDIA AXIS
Alton Frye, Presidential Senior Fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations, 2001 Spring The Washington Quarterly SECTION: CAN FOREIGN POLICY BE BIPARTISAN?; Analyzing Politics; Vol. 24, No. 2; Pg. 107 HEADLINE: The Opportunity Is Real //VT2002acsln
The United States has attracted a bully-boy reputation that is neither becoming nor helpful to its international influence. It has nearly isolated itself on several key issues. Perceptible apprehension exists that the United States will go its own way on strategic defenses and destroy the ABM Treaty that most countries feel is crucial to controlling the nuclear menace. Overwhelming votes in the UN rebuke the United States for the embargo on Cuba, and attempts to impose secondary boycotts or other extraterritorial measures have cost the United States in its relations with allies. The U.S. refusal to ratify the CTBT after advocating it for almost half a century was a profound shock to the nonproliferation regime. U.S. foot-dragging on the Rome Statute creating the International Criminal Court has deflated the esteem originally won for advocating such a tribunal. Deference for the U.S. position on sanctions against Saddam Hussein's Iraq has faded markedly. There is deep concern, not only in Russia but in China and India as well, about Washington by-passing the UN Security Council to launch military action in the Balkans. The closer contacts such concern is breeding among Moscow, Beijing, and New Delhi could prove quite troublesome to U.S. diplomacy.
UNLESS USA ACTS WITH CAUTION, RUSSIA-INDIA-CHINA AXIS CAN BECOME A BODY OF POWERFUL ADVERSARIES
TYLER MARSHALL, TIMES STAFF WRITER, Los Angeles Times, September 27, 1999, Part A; Page 1; HEADLINE: ANTI-NATO AXIS COULD POSE THREAT, EXPERTS SAY; U.S. ANALYSTS EYEING CHINA-INDIA-RUSSIA COALITION SAY THAT, POST-KOSOVO, THERE IS A SENSE AMONG ALL THREE THAT AMERICAN POWER MUST SOMEHOW BE CHECKED. // ln-10/99-acs
To be sure, even if the three continue to intensify their links, each has a stake in maintaining working relations with the United States, which offers access to a huge pool of technology, a lucrative export market and international lending institutions.
But regional specialists warn that if Washington plays its cards badly and introduces new tensions into these key relationships, America could end up with formidable adversaries.
UNILATERALIST USA ACTIONS WILL DRIVE S0-CALLED "ROGUE" STATES AND THE NEW AXIS POWERS INTO A NEW AND DANGEROUS BI-POLARITY
Hans Binnendijk, 1999 Autumn; director of the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University, The Washington Quarterly, SECTION: EDITORIALS; Vol. 22, No. 4; Pg. 7 HEADLINE: Back to Bipolarity? // ln-acs-11-11-99
At the same time, rogue states such as Iraq, Serbia, Iran, and North Korea are cooperating with each other through technology transfers and tactics that try to thwart the market democracies. There are also indications of increased Russian and Chinese cooperation with the rogue states. The concern is that nations that have strong policy differences with the West will form cooperative relationships which will eventually lead to a new and dangerous bipolarity.