AFFIRMATIVE CANNOT PROTECT PRIVACY BECAUSE THEY CANNOT PROVIDE ANONYMITY
NEED BOTH ELEMENTS OF INFORMATIONAL PRIVACY TO AVOID LOSS OF AUTONOMY AND SELF-DETERMINATION
Janlori Goldman, Director of the Health Privacy Project at Georgetown University's Institute for Health Care Policy, "Privacy and Empowerment in the Interactive Age," VISIONS OF PRIVACY: Policy Choices for the Digital Age, 1999, EE2001-JGM, p.102
Privacy, as defined here, allows individuals to choose when to withdraw and when to participate. People must be able to seek solitude and isolation from others to develop a sense of themselves apart from others. Developing one's unique identity is critical to a person's ability to form his or her own thoughts and opinions and to establish intimate connections with others. A society that preserves privacy for its people is one that acknowledges the individual's interest in maintaining control over his or her life. One aspect of this control is being able to determine the presentation of one's self, or various pieces of one's self, to others. A person who is unable to retreat feels constantly watched, dehumanized, and powerless to make fundamental decisions affecting his or her life. Equally important to having the capacity to retreat from society is having the ability to step forward to participate in the affairs of society. It is axiomatic that an individual's willingness to engage in the activities of the community will be tempered by the degree to which he or she is able to maintain control over the development and presentation of one's self. In the absence of control over the development of one's self, individual autonomy and self-determination are eroded.
ANONYMITY IS IMPOSSIBLE TO ACHIEVE TODAY
SIMON DAVIES; London School of Economics, The Houston Chronicle, June 27, 1999, SECTION: OUTLOOK; Pg. 1 TITLE: Big Brother Lives // acs-VT2001
The world of Nineteen Eighty-Four had completely eliminated the idea of anonymity - a process that is replicated in many countries today. We are obliged through an increasing number of laws and technologies to reveal our identity. Refusal to disclose your details often results in denial of service and even prosecution.
INFORMATIONAL PRIVACY HAS TWO CORE ELEMENTS; TO RETREAT FROM THE WORLD AND CONTROL INFORMATION ABOUT ONESELF
Janlori Goldman, Director of the Health Privacy Project at Georgetown University's Institute for Health Care Policy, "Privacy and Empowerment in the Interactive Age," VISIONS OF PRIVACY: Policy Choices for the Digital Age, 1999, EE2001 - JGM, P.101
Information privacy is defined here as incorporating two components, at times distinct and at times inextricable. The first component is the right to retreat from the world ' from one's family, neighbours, community, and government. This component allows us to shield ourselves, physically and psychologically, from the prying eyes of others. We think of this privacy value as it was initially conceived by Justice Louis Brandeis over a century ago as 'the right to be let alone.
The second component of privacy is the right to control information about oneself, even after divulging it to others. This component acknowledges the critical value of being able to step forward and participate in society without having to relinquish all control over personal information. To maintain privacy in modern times, as Professor Alan Westin defined it, individuals need to 'determine for themselves when, how, and to what extent information about them is communicated to others.