DAVID MUTIMER, Prof. Political Science York University, 2000; THE WEAPONS STATE: PROLIFERATION AND THE FRAMING OF SECURITY // VT2002 acs p. 51-52
The various technologies now included in the weapons proliferation agenda-nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and excessive and destabilizing accumulations of conventional arms-have been imagined in very different ways throughout the twentieth century. Nuclear weapons have been framed in terms of at least four images: "deterrence ," "disarmament," "arms control," and, of course, "proliferation." Chemical and biological weapons, although at times framed within the practices produced by these four images, have also been framed in terms of a "taboo." Finally, conventional weapons (a framing in itself and one that requires weapons of mass destruction for its meaning) have additionally been framed by a "commercial" image, as industrial products traded in markets. These varied images, which constituted their particular weapons as such and were embedded in a set of practices that contained those weapons, provided a rich set of interpretive resources on which policymakers and others could draw in constructing a new security agenda following the Cold War. I argue that one of these images-the "proliferation" image-came to dominate that construction, but the new "proliferation" image draws on these resources in interesting ways to create a particular security problem in the contemporary world.
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